Muslim scholars developed biographical literature into a rich and complex genre. Thus, "According to Ibn Humayd — Salamah — Ibn Ishaq" means that al-Tabari re- ceived the report from Ibn Humayd, who said that he was told by Salamah, who said that he was told by Ibn Ishaq, and so on. Only Hanafis, dwellers in al-Kufah, do we know to grasp this religion. Ishaq: My father died in Baghdad in the year x 50/February 6, 767-January 25, 768 and was buried in the cemetery of al-Khayzuran. It was intended to be an auxiliary branch of religious study, aimed at determining the reliability of chains of transmission through which traditions were handed down. The numerous subtle and important differences in the original Arabic wording have been disregarded. Do not ask a Medinan, turning him thereby into an infidel, 1111 about anything but the cords of the lute [of a musician], A variant is wa-al-muthanna aw al-zh . His grandfather Yasar was a captive, among others, from 'Ayn al-Tamr. SUNY Series in Near Eastern Studies Said Amir Arjomand, Editor The State University of New York Press ISBN 0-7914-2820-6 THE HISTORY OF AL-TABARI AN ANNOTATED TRANSLATION VOLUME XXXIX Biographies of the Prophet’s Companions and Their Successors Al-Tabari's Supplement to His History The History of al-Tabari Editorial Board Ihsan Abbas, University of Jordan, Amman C. Bosworth, The University of Manchester Franz Rosenthal, Yale University Everett K. Well-known place names, such as, for instance, Mecca, Bagh- dad, Jerusalem, Damascus, and the Yemen, are given in their En- glish spellings. Qusayy purchased him for his paternal aunt, Khadljah bt. When the Prophet married Khadljah she gave him Zayd, and he took him. You lie, by God, for there you can find the graves of the Prophet and the best of mankind. Sulayman al-'Attar: I was in al-Kufah, where I associated with Abu Hanlfah, when Zufar 1113 got married. Yasar and from his paternal uncles Musa and 'Abd al- Rahman, sons of Yasar. Rowson, The University of Pennsylvania Ehsan Yar-Shater, Columbia University ( General Editor) Estelle Whelan, Editorial Coordinator Center for Iranian Studies Columbia University SUNY SERIES IN NEAR EASTERN STUDIES Said Amir Arjomand, Editor We note with profound regret the death on October 13, 1997, of Dr. 632 — Companions — Biography — Early works to 1800. Muslims — Saudi Arabia — Biography — Early works to 1800. Muslim women — Saudi Arabia — Biography — Early works to 1800. Less common place names, which are the vast majority, are transliterated. Silsilah of the Banu Ma'n of Tayyi’, 20 [once] paid a visit to her family and brought Zayd along  with her. Jasr 21 raided the tents of the Banu Ma'n, the clan of Zayd's mother, and seized Zayd, who was then already grown up, [a young man] of full stature. Abu Hanlfah was present [at the wedding], and Zufar asked him to speak. He was an expert on the campaigns of the Prophet [maghazl), [as well as] on the battles of the Arabs, their history, and genealogies. In the introduction to his History, al-Tabari declared his intention to append to it a biographical work for the readers convenience. The thirty-ninth volume is a compendium of biographies of early members of the Muslim community, compiled by al-Tabari; although not strictly a part of his History, it complements it. 250 Biographies Those Who Died in the Year 150 (February 6, y6j-fanuary 25, j68) Abu Hanifah al-Nu'man b. He would have been of no special interest, had my assistant, Tariq Abu Rajab, not unearthed the following unique information: The man was "a poet, a learned man, and practiced kalam (i.e. Nevertheless, the latter's reliability was not beyond dispute. The Banu Hilal were a branch of the northern great confederation of 'Amir b. 1126 I then said "O Commander of the Faithful, my family has sent me to buy something with some money, then refused to accept it." Abu Ja'far said: "What a bad treatment you received from your family! Only a col- lection of excerpts has survived, however. The History has been divided here into thirty-nine volumes, each of which covers about 200 pages of the original Arabic text in the Leiden edition. theological discussions) in the time of al- Tabari. See Kister, "Massacre," 74-80; Landau- Tasseron, "Sayf," 8. Ibn Sa'd, VII/2, 67 (without mention of the source). Take these ten thousands and dole it out." Opinions differ as to the time of Mis'ar's death. 'Abdallah al-Asadi: Mis'ar died in al- Kufah in the year 152/January 14, 769-January 3, 770, during the caliphate of Abu Ja'far [al-Mansur].
The first volume of this translation contains a biography of al-Tabari and a discussion of the method, scope, and value of his work. Musa al-Kazim, the seventh imam according to the Twelver Shi'ah; see "Musa al-Kazim," EP, VII, 645-48 (E. This mar- riage between the daughter of the sixth Shi'i imam and a member of the 'Abbasid family points to an attempt at reconciling the Shi'is with the new regime. A highly regarded Basran traditionist and expert on rijal, i.e., the biogra- phies and evaluation of transmitters of tradition. Muhammad: I heard a man of the Banu Qafal, of the noblest of the Banu Taym Allah, say to Abu Hanifah "What are you but a client of mine? A theologian and the eponymous founder of one of the law schools, the Hanafiyyah. Schacht); Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, al- intiqd', 122-75; al-Suyuti, Tabyid al-sahifah ; al-Sayrawan, 82; Abu Zahrah; al- Dhahabi, Manaqib al-Imam Abi Hanifah. See al-Sam'ani, HI, 21,31; Ibn al-Athir, Lubdb, II, io,- Ibn Hajar, Tahdhib, XI, 130; al-Dhahabl, Mushtabih, 208, 210, • al-Mizzi, Tahdhib, XXXI, 71-73. He transmitted few traditions and was reli- able ( thiqah ).
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The biographies vary in length and style, ranging from mere identification of a person to long accounts and anecdotes. VI Preface Al-Tabari very often quotes his sources verbatim and traces the chain of transmission ( isnad ) to an original source. The lex- icographer al-Azharl, however, argues that al-Layth was mistaken: shirshir is the nam e of a certain desert shrub. Ibn 'Abd Rabbihi, V, 303; al-Jahiz, I, 148-49 (read al-Rani for al-Ra’y; the editor could not identify Abu Sa'id).
This volume represents a long tradition characteristic of Muslim culture. The chains of transmitters are, for the sake of brevity, rendered by only a dash ( — ) between the individual links in the chain. Haritha," El 1 , VII, 1194 he was a reliable [transmitter] ( thiqah ). I fail to see how a shrub can be confused with a dog. Excerpts from The Supplement to the Supplemented 251 These are issues no Shirshir can master or his friends, when asked [their opinion]. Zuhayr al-Hilall, a genuine member of the Banu Hilal. According to Abu al-Sa’ib — Abu Nu'aym — Mis'ar: I came to see Abu Ja'far [al-Mansur] and said [to him] "O Commander of the Faithful, I am your maternal uncle." He said "Which one of them together with the work of al-Waqidl constituted the foundation of all subsequent research on Muhammad's life.