He was always unforthcoming about the source of his teachings. The book also has an overarching quest narrative involving a map of "pre-sand Egypt" and culminating in an encounter with the "Sarmoung Brotherhood", an organisation that has never been definitively identified; historian Mark Sedgwick has described it as "overtly fictional" and "entirely imaginary".).The only account of his wanderings appears in his book Meetings with Remarkable Men. Bennett researched his sources extensively and suggested that these characters were symbolic of the three types of people to whom Gurdjieff referred: No. On his reappearance, as far as the historical record is concerned, the ragged wanderer had transformed into a well-heeled businessman.), also commonly referred to as Georges Ivanovich Gurdjieff and G. Gurdjieff, was an influential early 20th-century mystic, philosopher, spiritual teacher, and composer of Armenian and Greek descent, born in Alexandrapol (now Gyumri).
In 1914, Gurdjieff advertised his ballet, The Struggle of the Magicians, and he supervised his pupils' writing of the sketch "Glimpses of Truth." In 1915, Gurdjieff accepted P. Ouspensky as a pupil, and in 1916, he accepted the composer Thomas de Hartmann and his wife, Olga, as students. Ouspensky already had a reputation as a writer on mystical subjects and had conducted his own, ultimately disappointing, search for wisdom in the East.
Most commentators Each chapter is named after an individual "remarkable man"; many are putatively members of a society of "seekers of truth". His only autobiographical writing concerning this period is Herald of Coming Good, a work, if anything, even less reliable than Meetings.
In it, he mentions acting as hypnotherapist specialising in the cure of addictions and using people as guinea pigs On New Year's Day in 1912, Gurdjieff arrived in Moscow and attracted his first students, including his cousin, the sculptor Sergey Merkurov, and the eccentric Rachmilievitch.
Influenced by these writings, and having witnessed a number of phenomena that he could not explain, he formed the conviction that there existed a hidden truth not to be found in science or in mainstream religion.
In early adulthood, according to his own account Gurdjieff's curiosity led him to travel to Central Asia, Egypt, Iran, India, Tibet and Rome before he returned to Russia for a few years in 1912. He asserts that he has encounters with dervishes, fakirs and descendants of the extinct Essenes, whose teaching had been, he claimed, conserved at a monastery in Sarmoung.