( Adaptive radiation is the evolution from an unspecialised ancestral stock of many different species that adapt to a variety of ecological roles (see books)).
Adaptation is a continuous response to the environment by changeable species.
Our hominoid line, humans, gorillas, chimpanzees and lesser apes, is one among the superfamily Hominoidea.
See the taxonomic table of primates for two comparative classification shcemes.
sapiens (including Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon) (see the modern taxonomic classification of humans).
This formed the foundation of the neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory.