The Supreme Good imparts to the intellect the power to perceive, and gives intelligibility to the intelligible. God, the essential and supreme Good, can impart nothing that is not good.This view leads to the inference that the origin of evil lies beyond the control of God.If it is sought for itself, it is or it is estimated by us to be a good, and therefore desirable on its own account.When we take some step to obtain it, it is the end of our action.The speculations of Plato and Aristotle, especially have had a notable influence on Christian thought; they were adopted, in eclectic fashion, by the early Fathers, who combined many of the ancient philosophic ideas with revealed truth, by correcting some and amplifying others.The synthesis was carried on by the earlier Scholastics, and took definitive form from the hand of St. Some of his predecessors, as well as some of his followers, disagree with him on a few minor points, most of which, however, are of a character too subtle to call for attention in this article. Thomas in outline as the approved teaching of our schools.
The merely useful is desired for the end towards which it is employed; the end is desired on its own account.The objective idea is not indwelling in the essences of those things which fall within the scope of our corresponding universal concept, but the thing borrows or derives something from the idea.While the being or existence proper to the world of things is imperfect, unstable, essentially transitory, and therefore not truly deserving of the name of being, whcih implies permanence, ideas on the contrary are incorruptible, unchangeable, and truly existence.That is to say, it is good because it is an efficient means to obtain a desired result.The result, in turn, may be desired for itself, or it may be sought as a means to some ulterior end.