However, by the dawn of the Archaic period in the seventh century B.C., the city-states had developed a number of common characteristics.Geographically Greece is a mountainous peninsula surrounded by water.Due to the 13,676 km of coastline and the 2,000 Greek islands, of which only 168 are inhabited, the Greeks developed since the ancient times a strong connection with the sea.This is why the Greeks have a long tradition in navigation, ship building and marine trade, which historically led to interconnection with other people.As the country is located on the corner spot between Europe, Asia and Africa, the Greek culture is actually a mixture of European and Eastern elements.The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between 800 B. Archaic Greece saw advances in art, poetry and technology, but most of all it was the age in which the polis, or city-state, was invented. C.—a relatively sophisticated period in world history.
They developed governments and organized their citizens according to some sort of constitution or set of laws. And every one of these city-states (known as poleis) was said to be protected by a particular god or goddess, to whom the citizens of the polis owed a great deal of reverence, respect and sacrifice.The pressure of population growth pushed many men away from their home poleis and into sparsely populated areas around Greece and the Aegean. As time passed and their populations grew, many of these agricultural city-states began to produce consumer goods such as pottery, cloth, wine and metalwork.Trade in these goods made some people—usually not members of the old aristocracy—very wealthy.It also famous worldwide for many famous people and their actions throughout centuries.This section proposes information about the history of Greece but provides also information about the significance of the flags, a list with most famous archaeological sites, historical monuments and Unesco Sites in Greece.