However, David Luthy notes that the Hillsboro districts are exceptionally small, in 2002 averaging 13 households per congregation–roughly half the size of the average Amish church district elsewhere (, Luthy p 8).The Amish community near the towns of Wilton and Tomah in Monroe County was founded just a few years after the Cashton settlement, in 1969.The Medford Amish settlement in Taylor County, founded 90 years ago (1920) is by far Wisconsin’s oldest.Given its age, the Medford Amish community is relatively small, with only 3 church districts as of 2008. The GAMEO entry for this settlement notes that “Its cold winters have had an effect on the slow growth” in the community.Green Lake County is home to one of the largest Amish settlements in Wisconsin, near the communities of Kingston and Dalton.The Kingston/Dalton settlement was founded in 1977 and has grown to 9 congregations today.With a population of over 15,000, Wisconsin has fewer Amish than only Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana.The Wisconsin Amish population is spread over nearly four dozen settlements across the state, and a total of 120 church districts (Young Center, 2010).
These include three hat shops, three buggy makers and a shoe store which keep the Cashton Amish supplied with clothing and transportation.
The Hillsboro settlements has roots in a Kentucky Amish community.
At first glance, the Hillsboro Amish community appears to be one of Wisconsin’s largest, with 8 church districts.
Wisconsin is of particular significance in the matter of Amish education.
A local conflict over schooling in a small Wisconsin Amish community eventually reached the U. Supreme Court, resulting in a landmark 1972 decision which effectively granted Amish and other religious groups the right to remove their students from school upon finishing the eighth grade.