In Wales the late 18th century saw the revival of the eisteddfod tradition, inspired by Iolo Morganwg. These forms flourished at the expense of other forms of English drama, which went into a long period of decline.A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), by Mary Wollstonecraft, is one of the earliest works of feminist philosophy. Clarke, Daphne du Maurier, Alan Moore, Ian Mc Ewan, Anthony Burgess, Evelyn Waugh, William Golding, Salman Rushdie, Douglas Adams, P. By the early 19th century it was no longer represented by stage plays at all, but by the closet drama, plays written to be privately read in a "closet" (a small domestic room). Production of serious plays was restricted to the patent theatres, and new plays were subject to censorship by the Lord Chamberlain's Office.The culture of the United Kingdom is influenced by the UK's history as a developed island country, a liberal democracy and a major power; its predominantly Christian religious life; and its composition of four countries—England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland—each of which has distinct customs, cultures and symbolism.The wider culture of Europe has also influenced British culture, and Humanism, Protestantism and representative democracy developed from broader Western culture.British literature, music, cinema, art, theatre, comedy, media, television, philosophy, architecture and education are important aspects of British culture.
The Victorian era was the golden age of the realistic English novel, with Jane Austen, the Brontë sisters (Charlotte, Emily and Anne), Charles Dickens, William Thackeray, George Eliot and Thomas Hardy. A change came in the late 19th century with the plays on the London stage by the Irishmen George Bernard Shaw and Oscar Wilde, who influenced domestic English drama and revitalised it.
The West Country accent from southwest England is identified in film as "pirate speech" – cartoon-like "Ooh arr, me 'earties! " talk is very similar, while famous pirates hailed from this region, including Blackbeard; West Country native Robert Newton's performance as Long John Silver in films standardised the pirate voice. Created in 1969, the Man Booker Prize is the highest profile British literary award.
The actor Russell Brand has a strong Essex accent, actor Sean Bean is known for his distinctive Yorkshire accent, the comedian Eric Morecambe possessed a Lancashire accent, while English speakers in a Welsh accent include, Michael Sheen, Tom Jones and Catherine Zeta-Jones. It is awarded each year in early October for the best original novel, written in English and published in the UK. British children's literature was celebrated in the opening ceremony of the London 2012 Olympic Games during the sequence called "Second to the right and straight on till morning" which saw thirty Mary Poppins descend on flying umbrellas to fight and defeat the villains Queen of Hearts, Captain Hook, Cruella de Vil and Lord Voldemort who were haunting children's dreams.
Notable Scouse speakers include John Lennon and Paul Mc Cartney of The Beatles, while Mancunians include Liam and Noel Gallagher from Oasis.
Audrey Hepburn as Eliza Doolittle on the set of the 1964 movie musical My Fair Lady.