In academic, historical, and archaeological circles, A. Dates are determined by a variety of processes, including chemical analyses (as in radiocarbon dating and thermoluminescence), data correlation (as in dendrochronology), and a variety of other tests. Acheulean - A stone tool industry, in use from about 1.6 million years ago until 125,000 years ago.
- "Abbreviation for the term Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (or simply Anno Domini) which means ""in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ."" Years are counted from the traditionally recognized year of the birth of Jesus. E.)." Absolute Dating - Collective term for techniques that assign specific dates or date ranges, in calendar years, to artifacts and other archaeological finds.
More flakes were knocked off from both sides of a stone and there is evidence that the maker had a preconceived notion of the tool's final form.
Acropolis - The "high point" or citadel of an ancient Greek city, like the Acropolis in Athens.
Aerial Photography - The various techniques of taking photographs of natural or cultural features from the air, using balloons, airplanes, satellites, and other sources, in order to study the features in their entirety from a top-down (bird's eye) view.
Aerial Reconnaissance - The technique of searching for sites and features, both cultural and natural, from the air, often using aerial photography or the human eye.
Agora - An open-air place of congregation in an ancient Greek city, generally the public square or marketplace, that served as a political, civic, religious, and commercial center.Many ancient peoples, such as the Egyptians living along the Nile, depended on annual floods and alluvial deposits to replenish the soils they were farming.Alluvial soils are usually nutrient-rich and good for agriculture.Archaeozoology - The study of animal remains, usually bones, from the past. Archaic - In archaeology, this term is often used to designate an early period in a culture's history. Boat grave - A type of burial in which a body (or cremated remains) is placed in a boat and buried in the ground. Cache (pronounced "cash") - A collection of objects that was purposefully buried.In Greece it designates the chronological period that preceded the classical period. Such a burial often symbolized the deceased's high status. Canopic vase or jar - A container or small jar used in ancient Egypt to hold the internal organs of a person who had been mummified.