In many states, community notification has expanded to include restrictions on where sex offenders can live, or requiring all sex offenders to wear electronic monitors, despite evidence those sex offender management tools don't work well when broadly applied.
A few months later his family moved to Oklahoma, where his picture was posted on the Internet as a sex offender.
"THIS WILL ALWAYS HAUNT HIM" Ricky was kicked out of school, and must stay away from schools and parks.
He's been working with a tutor and hopes to get his GED. I just go to work, come home and try to just do stuff around the house." "He's constantly watching his back," says Mary Duval, Ricky's mother.
She worries telling his story publicly might bring a backlash.
But she wants lawmakers to know what happened to a teenager who made a mistake.